Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the Unique Identification Authority of India, UIDAI issues for all residents. Aadhaar also indicates several entities, projects and business. Lets have an overview here.
Aadhaar is Hindi word, originated from ancient Sanskrit language. Literary Aadhaar means base, basis and foundation which is enough to explain the word meaning. Additionally it is used to indicate bottom, ground, fulcrum and backbone etc. in common talks.
Unique Identity Project was started with official name UID and refferred loosley as UDI, IDU etc but later rebranded as Aadhaar Project yielding Aadhar Number and Aadhar Card physically posted to the recipient who applied and enrolled officially.
The Aadhaar number will be stored in a centralised database and linked to the basic demographics and biometric information – photograph, ten fingerprints and iris – of each individual.
The details of the Aadhaar data fields and verification procedures are available here.
Aadhaar will be:
- Easily verifiable in an online, cost-effective way
Unique and robust enough to eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in government and private databases
A random number generated, devoid of any classification based on caste, creed, religion and geography.
Above is exact copy of official Aadhaar defintion, reproduced for discussion pusrpose. The link to "available here" is not active so what exact information we also couldn't give.
What other government project were available with the aadhaar or it's varient name?